The BRICS has expressed deep concern over the current security situation in the Middle East, especially Syria and Afghanistan and North Africa.

Through Goa Declaration issued at the end of its eight Summit being held in western Indian state of Goa, the BRICS leaders said: "We are deeply concerned about the situation in the Middle East and North Africa. We support all efforts for finding ways to the settlement of the crises in accordance with international law and in conformity with the principles of independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the countries of the region."

The grouping, comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa called upon all the concerned parties in Syria "to work for a comprehensive and peaceful resolution of the conflict taking into account the legitimate aspirations of the people of Syria, through inclusive national dialogue and a Syrian-led political process based on Geneva Communique of 30 June 2012 and in pursuance of the UN Security Council Resolution 2254 and 2268 for their full implementation."

The Goa Declaration also asserted the commitment of all the member countries to continue "relentless pursuit against terrorist groups designated by the UN Security Council including the so-called Islamic State, Jabhat al-Nusra and other terrorist organisations.

The five-member grouping also underlined its commitment to support the Afghan government in its efforts to bring peace and stability while expressing "deep concern at the persisting security challenges in Afghanistan and significant increase in terrorist activities" in that country.

"We affirm support to the efforts of the Afghan government to achieve Afghan-led and Afghan-owned national reconciliation and combat terrorism, and readiness for constructive cooperation in order to facilitate security in Afghanistan, promote its independent political and economic course, becoming free from terrorism and drug trafficking," the Declaration said.

Stabilisation of Afghanistan should be through an effective Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and for this commitment of regional countries and wider international community is inevitable, the BRICS opined, adding that the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission should support the ANSF and should also engage multilateral regional organisations such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, Collective Security Treaty Organization, and the Heart of Asia Conference.

The BRICS also underlined the necessity of a "two-state solution for resolving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict based on relevant UNSC resolutions, the Madrid Principles and Arab Peace Initiative, and previous pacts between the two sides."


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